PHYTOSANITARY TREATMENT AND ADDITIONAL DECLARATION OF VARIOUS COMMODITIES EXPORTABLE TO NEW ZEALAND FROM INDIA
To safeguard the country’s agricultural economy and the biodiversity from the ravages of exotic pests, every country has specified phytosanitary conditions so as to mitigate these pests OR otherwise impose restrictions/prohibitions based on scientific justifications. Moreover, every country periodically conducts/reviews the Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) of a commdity before its import and lays down phytosanitary conditions. Most of the countries issues Import Permit or Import Licence incorporating the phytosanitary requirement including the treatment(s). Exporters should procure these requirements and provide to the Treatment Provider. However, some of the important phytosanitary measures required by these countries have been compiled for ready reference with the advice to ascertain the country’s current regulations for details, its completeness and authenticity.
|Commodity||Treatment & Dosage||Exposure Period||Additional Declaration on Phytosanitary Certificate (PSC)||Other conditions|
|Mango||Vapor Heat Treatment;||Pulp temperatures of the center of the fruits shall be 48°C and be kept continuously at 48°C or above for 20 minutes.||Vapor heat treatment for export with satuarated vapour in an approved vapour heat treatment facility in accordance with the program of Indian Plant Quarantine Authority. Fruit pulp temperature is raised until the fruit core reaches at least 48 0C for all sensors. The temperature is then maintained for at least 20 minutes in accordance with the National Standard for Phytosanitary Measures(NSPM 20).|
|Sorghum||Fumigation Treatment as per Table 1 or Table 2 given below.||“The Sorghum bicolor grains in this consignment:
– sourced from a “Pest free area” or “Pest free place of production”, free from Gloeocercospora sorghi, Peronosclerospora graminicola, Peronosclerospora philippinensis, Peronosclerospora sorghi. OR
– were representatively sampled using ISTA or AOSA guidelines and tested for regulated fungal pests at a NPPO approved diagnostic laboratory.
|Phytosanitary Details with Appendix 1: Pest List for Sorghum bicolor (sorghum) Grains for Consumption, Feed or Processing REGULATED PESTS (actionable)|
|Rice||Methyl bromide;80 gm/m3||48 hours|
|Woodware(Wooden furnitures, handicraft items, etc)||1 Fumigation with methyl bromide or sulphuryl fluoride of filleted or otherwise separated layers, at 80 g/m3 for more than 24 continuous hours, and in a minimum temperature of 10OC.
2 Vacuum fumigated with methyl bromide or sulphuryl fluoride at 64 g/m3 for more than 4 hours in a minimum temperature of 10OC.
3 Heat treatment at a minimum continuous core temperature of 70OC for more than four hours.
Fumigation Treatment of Indian Sorghum as per Table 1 or Table 2 given below.
Table 1: Fumigation with Aluminium phosphide Tablets:
Pl. note that 3 gm. tablet emits one gm. of active ingredient viz. phosphine gas.
|Temperature (°C)||Time (days) 1g active ingredient/ m³||Time (days) 2g active ingredient/ m³|
Table 2: Methyl bromide: (prior to shipment) One of the following rates at atmospheric pressure must be used:
|Temperature (°C)||Dosage||Time (hours)|