Phytosanitary requirement


To safeguard the country’s agricultural economy and the biodiversity from the ravages of exotic pests, every country has specified phytosanitary conditions so as to mitigate these pests OR otherwise impose restrictions/prohibitions based on scientific justifications. Moreover, every country periodically conducts/reviews the Pest Risk Analysis (PRA) of a commdity before its import and lays down phytosanitary conditions. Most of the countries issues Import Permit or Import Licence incorporating the phytosanitary requirement including the treatment(s). Exporters should procure these requirements and provide to the Treatment Provider. However, some of the important phytosanitary measures required by these countries have been compiled for ready reference with the advice to ascertain the country’s current regulations for details, its completeness and authenticity.

Commodity Treatment & Dosage Exposure Period Additional Declaration on Phytosanitary Certificate (PSC) Other conditions, if any
Rice Methyl bromide @80 gm/ m3 48 hours Endorsements that it was free from khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium Everts)
Cereals, Pulses Methyl bromide@80 gm/ m3 48 hours(with an end point concentration at 48 hours to be >20g/m³). Endorsements that it was free from khapra beetle (Trogoderma granarium Everts)
Mango Vapour heat Treatment a) Pulp core temperature of 46.5ºC maintained for a minimum of 30 minutes; ORb) Pulp core temperature of 47.5ºC maintained for a minimum of 20 minutes. a) “The mangoes in this consignment have been produced in India in accordance with the conditions governing entry of fresh mango fruit to Australia and inspected and found free of quarantine pestsANDb) “The mangoes in this consignment have been sourced from a designated place of production or production site in India which is free of Sternochetus  mangiferae and S. frigidusANDc) “The mangoes in this consignment have been sourced from a designated place of production or production site in India which is free of Deanolis  sublimbalis”. Also the following information must be included on the Phytosanitary certificate:a) Treatment details, including date of treatment, temperature and duration of treatmentb) Packing house / treatment facility registration numbersc) Number of cartons per consignmentd) Container and seal number (seafreight only)

Superseding the previous Orders, Australia has required that he High risk plant products imported from Khapra beetle present countries, to be fumigated with 80 gm per cubic metre with 48 hrs. of exposure period from 6th September,2021 onwards.

The following products (in various raw and processed forms) are high-risk plant products.

Product Tariff item code
Bean seed (Phaseolus spp.) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0713, 1106
Celery seed (Apium graveolens) 120929, 1209910007, 120999
Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0713, 1106
Coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0909
Cucurbit seed (CucurbitaCucumisCitrullus spp.) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 120770, 120799
Cumin seed (Cuminum cyminum) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0909
Dried chillies/capsicum (Capsicum spp.) 090421, 090422
Faba bean (Vicia faba) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0713, 1106
Fennel seed (Foeniculum vulgare) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0909
Lentils (Lens culinaris) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0713, 1106
Mung beans, cowpeas (Vigna spp.) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0713, 1106
Pea seed (Pisum sativum) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0713, 1106
Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 1202, 0713, 1106
Pigeon Pea seed (Cajanus cajan) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 0713, 1106
Rice (Oryza sativa) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 1006, 110290
Safflower seed (Carthamus tinctorius) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 120760, 120799
Soybean (Glycine max) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 1201
Wheat seed (Triticum spp.) 120929, 1209910007, 120999, 1001, 110419, 110429, 110430, 110311, 1101


  • High-risk plant products also includes all synonyms and subordinate taxa of the species listed above.
  • The following items are excluded from these requirements:
    • commercially prepared and packaged goods that have been thermally processed so that the nature of the material has been transformed from their original raw form, such as retorted, blanched, roasted, fried, par-boiled, boiled, puffed, malted or pasteurised.
    • goods that are commercially processed to a powder, meal or flakes and packaged in bags less than or equal to 25kgs (such as cereal flours like semolina, wheat flour, chilli flakes and ground spices)
      Note: Goods meeting this exclusion, exported from a khapra beetle target risk country via a commercial pathway, require a phytosanitary certificate verifying that the goods have been visually inspected and found to be free from evidence of Trogoderma spp., including khapra beetle. See BICON for full details.
    • breakfast cereals, instant cereal beverage mixes, couscous meal mixes and snack foods (such as muesli bars, granola bars and wholefood bars/balls, trail mixes) that are commercially prepared and retail packaged*
    • bakery and bread mixes (including whole seeds) that are commercially prepared and retail packaged*
    • commercially prepared and packaged herbal teas containing, with or without seeds (including loose leaf and teabags)
    • goods that are chemically processed and preserved such as with a Formalin Propionic Acid fixative, Formalin Acetic acid alcohol, Carnoy’s fixative or ethanol.
    • fresh vegetables
    • commercially manufactured frozen or freeze-dried food (perishable foodstuffs only)
    • frozen plant samples for plant research (including through the use of liquid nitrogen and freeze drying)
    • oils derived from vegetables or seed
    • preserved or pickled (such as in vinegar or alcohol)
    • goods that have been refined or extracted to obtain specific components from plant-based raw materials. Examples include starch, lecithin, gluten, protein, cellulose, sugars and pigments

The above exclusions may be determined through evidence provided on a product label or commercial documentation, including commercial invoice or manufacturer’s declaration.

*An imported good is considered retail packaged if it has been commercially prepared and packaged overseas and is in a final state that requires no further processing, packaging or labelling prior to sale or use in Australia.

  1. Some of the important Plant Products permitted into Australia with Phytosanitary Conditions

2.  Cut flower/foliage species permitted into Australia

3. Some of the important Phytosanitary Treatment Schedule


This ICON contains the Australian import conditions for more than 20,000 plant, animal, microbial, mineral and human products. It is the AQIS’s import conditions database which specifies the phytosanitary conditions and treatment with dose and exposure period to be carried out before exporting into Australia.

  1. Biosecurity Act, 2015